Since 2015, Tanzania is one of the few countries that charge lower secondary fees.
However even with this great achievement there have been observed challenges in the Tanzania Education sector.
These challenges include; shortage in learning equipment and teachers especially in math and sciences and dilapidated infrastructure..
Girls also face many challenges on account of their gender. Almost two out of five girls marry before 18 years; and thousands of adolescent girls drop out of school because of pregnancy.
Statistics speak for themselves
% of girls are out of school
girls dropped out of school due to early pregnancies
According to the Ministry for Education and Vocational Training There is observed poor performance in Primary School Leaving Examination ( PSLE) especially for girls. As of 2009, the average pass rate was 43.2% for girls and 55.6% for boys.
The poor performance and poor rates of students that complete either primary or secondary education is due to high absorption of these students into vocational training colleges to gain self employment.
School Entrance Age: Primary School- Age 7
Duration and Official Ages for School Cycle
Primary: 7 years- Ages 7-13
Secondary: 6 years- Age 14-19
Academic Year; Start: January End: November
Growth Through Learning Activities
Research suggests that increasing educational attainment produces a number of positive outcomes. For example, while lower educational attainment is a risk factor for child marriage, higher educational attainment is protective against child marriage.
Furthermore, they found that each additional year of secondary school attendance also reduced the likelihood of giving birth before the age of 18, contributing to safer pregnancies and healthier newborns. Also one more year of secondary school beyond the mean boosts a person’s eventual wage rate on average by 15 percent to 25 percent, again with a generally higher increase for girls than for boys. Increasing the number of women with education boosts per capita income growth, as does moving toward parity in the number of years of education for girls and boys. (World Bank and ICRW)